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Monday, November 9, 2015

Important Topics For UPSC IAS Civil Services Mains Examination 2015

In the changed format of UPSC IAS Civil Services Mains Examination, General Studies has got the highest weightage in terms of marks. No serious aspirant can take General Studies lightly and hope to crack this prestigious exam. All the General Studies papers i.e., GS-I, GS-II, GS-III except GS-IV which is on ethics and integrity, have current affairs orientation. It becomes imperative to follow current affairs thoroughly to score high marks in GS papers. To help the aspirants in their preparation , especially those who are going to attempt UPSC IAS Civil Services Mains Examination in December 2015, I am going to list out important current affairs topics which can be asked in the exam. The very first topic that will be covered in this series for Mains Examination would be the China-Nepal petroleum deal and its impact on Indo-Nepal relations.

·             Nepal –China Petroleum Deal

o   Ends four decades of Indian monopoly over supply of petroleum products.
o   Nepal facing severe crisis of petroleum products due to Madhesi protesters blocking border points with India demanding fair representation in governance structures, which has affected entry of tankers from India.
o   India’s stand is that Indo-Nepal economic and trade relations are multi-faceted, diverse, deep and stands on its own merit.
§  70% of Nepal’s trade is with India
§  Bulk of Nepal’s third country trade happens through India
§  Almost half of foreign investment in Nepal is from India
§  Moreover, long term import of petroleum products from China may not be feasible on account of geographical constraints especially in winter season and highly costly. 

o   Who are Madhesis? The flat southern region of Nepal - the Terai - is known as Madhesh in the Nepalese language and its indigenous inhabitants are called Madhesi. The Madhesi question underlying the politics of victimhood is complicated: Given the diverse demographics of the Terai, is Madhes a geographical entity or an ethnic entity? The Tharus, the largest group of original settlers, are some 16 lakh in number. Other hill castes who have been living here for several generations are around 60 lakh. Those who are referred to as Madhesis number around 56 lakh (2011 Census). Tharus do not like to be called Madhesis, and those of Hill origin are still identified as Pahadis. The Madhesis have castes and ethnicity similar to Bihar and eastern UP, with frequent inter-marriages between families on either side of the border.


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