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Magazine For IAS/UPSC Civil Services Exam Preparation : Civil Services Synopsis

A very common query of civil services examination aspirants is which magazine should be read for comprehensive preparation. The answer to ...

Monday, January 18, 2016

Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) - Subsidy Issue

India has been plagued by the ever growing subsidy burden and the three major subsidies are - Food, Fuel and Fertilizers. The subsidy regime in India is necessary due to the mass poverty whereby it becomes obligatory for the State to look after the needs of the poorest of the poor. While the aim of the subsidy regime as practiced in India has been laudable, it is in the execution of the subsidy regime that questions have been raised. Two major problems being faced by the subsidy regime are - (1) Pilferage / Leakage of subsidy and (2) Mis-targeting of subsidy. The Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) aims to solve both the issues of leakage and mis-targeting by making use of the JAM (Jan Dhan, Aadhaar and Mobile) trinity. Please find below consolidated information on DBT for better understanding and clarity.
 Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT)
1.     Two major issues w.r.t. subsidies in India
                                               i.     Targeting
                                              ii.     Leakages
2.     Both issues can be addressed by government’s ongoing DBT push
3.     Leakages occur when subsidies do not reach the recipients due to corruption, pilferage or other causes
4.     Mis-targeting benefits higher income groups that do not deserve the subsidies
5.     DBT simply involves transferring the subsidy amount directly to the beneficiaries’ bank account instead of having to fiddle around with differential pricing for the under-privileged
6.     Efficient targeting using Aadhaar-linked data ensures that the intended beneficiary receives the money in his/her account
7.     DBT Scheme for LPG subsidies named PAHAL (Pratyaksh Hastantrit Labh) utilizes linking of consumers Aadhaar number to their bank account where they can receive the subsidy amount for 12 cylinders in a year
8.     Govt. has recently decided to limit the LPG subsidy to people earning less than Rs.10 lakhs in a year
9.  DBT addresses the leakage issue while the income cap addresses the mistargeting problem

For more such useful information and complimentary copy of cs synopsis current affairs newsletter, please drop an email at cs.synopsis@gmail.com
    

Friday, January 15, 2016

National Security Doctrine - Important Topic For IAS UPSC Civil Services Exam

The recent terrorist attack in Pathankot (Punjab) has once again brought into sharp focus the need for India to have a National Security Doctrine in place along with a national security strategy so that there is a proper command and control structure in place to handle such emergency situations and not some kind of ad-hoc approach that changes with the government in power. National Security is in news and also forms part of the Civil Services Mains Exam syllabus of General Studies Paper-III. I have listed below few points on the need for a national security doctrine plus a link to a good article which appeared in The Hindu on the same topic  and another article on India's National Security Challenges  and Priorities for more clarity and better understanding. Happy Reading !

 Need for a National Security Doctrine
1.    Questions raised about the urgent need for a national security doctrine in the wake of Pathankot Terrorist Attack
2.     There is a dire need for formulating a firm strategy to deal with terrorist threats
3.   National Security Doctrine must be accompanied by a national security strategy that spells out clearly the command and control structures for meeting eventualities such as terror strikes
4.    In the absence of a clearly articulated consensus on national security doctrine, India’s response is qualitatively linked to govt. of the day and its ability or inability to understand and appreciate security challenges
5.   The proposed national security doctrine must be anchored in the foundational values of the Constitution
6.   The very foundations of India's security establishment need to be reformed if a robust national security doctrine is to be implemented 

5.     Further Reading -
       1. http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/editorial-time-for-a-national-security-doctrine/article8065314.ece
      
       2. http://www.idsa.in/keyspeeches/IndiasNationalSecurityChallengesandPriorities
   
If you are finding it difficult to follow current affairs then you can subscribe to CS Synopsis Weekly Newsletter which covers the current affairs comprehensively and saves your time which you can devote to covering other areas of the syllabus. For subscription details and one complimentary copy please email me at cs.synopsis@gmail.com  

Tuesday, January 5, 2016

Current Affairs Preparation For Competitive Examinations - IAS/IPS/UPSC Civil Services Examination

Current Affairs is one of the most important areas from where lot many questions are asked in IAS UPSC Civil Services Examination. In this post I will be sharing some of the tips and tricks for following and keeping up-to-date with current affairs. Current Affairs is basically concerned with whatever information that is being currently covered by newspapers but more often than not aspirants are confused about the best way to improve one's command over current affairs. 
The very first step that one should take to improve one's current affairs is to start reading the newspaper regularly. It is great if one reads The Hindu as it is a serious newspaper and there is hardly any frivolous news, but if one can be disciplined then even newspapers like TOI and Hindustan Times are fine. The point to note is that all these newspapers will cover the important news of the day and you have to be vigilant to make note of that important information. It is not the newspaper but how you read it which makes the difference. For example if one has just started newspaper reading on regular basis then one can focus on the editorial page, business section, international news and sports page and make very brief notes which will be very handy at the time of exam. A major problem that I also faced during my preparation years was the lack of time for reading newspapers as thorough reading of The Hindu or any newspaper for that matter can easily take 2-3 hours which is difficult to take out from your regular studies. If you are also faced with same difficulty then you can opt for consolidated current affairs notes on weekly basis by writing to me at cs.synopsis@gmail.com .The service at present is free of cost for the first weekly supplement of current affairs and thereafter available at nominal subscription cost.

Salient Features of CS Synopsis Weekly Current Affairs Update
- Complete Coverage of The Hindu
- Background information wherever needed
- Hand written current affairs notes
- Tips to remember information using acronyms
- Important news from TOI, HT and other newspapers